Epilepsy is a condition that results in bodily seizures when the electrical functioning of the brain is disordered. There may be permanent changes in the brain tissue that lead to seizures. Medical conditions and illness may be the cause of the epileptic seizures.
Some of the more common causes of the seizures may include; strokes , dementia, brain injury, infections, birth complications, metabolic disorders, tumors in the brain, abnormal blood vessels in the brain and other reasons that cause tissue damage in the brain. The symptoms of seizures are varied depending on the part of that brain that is affected.
Most of the time, children are affected by seizures. Epileptic seizures can occur at any age but are more common in people who are between the ages of five and twenty. In more than half the cases of children who present with seizures, they are expected to grow out of the condition. If there is a family history of having seizures, there is a chance that the disorder can be genetically inherited. The longer the condition persists without treatment, the greater chance that the seizures will continue for a longer period of time into the future. About ten percent of children who do not grow out of seizures have serious seizures that are difficult to control. They may have difficulty learning and developing as normal children do. Medications may be used for seizure control, and in some cases the use of these medications will prevent the return of seizures. The doctor may want to try single medications, or use medications in combination with each other in order to prevent the return of the seizures or to lessen the severity of them. In serious cases surgery may be required to attempt to stop the seizures.
One of the possible dangers of having seizures is falling and injuring oneself when standing or operating machinery. The risk of vomiting and choking is also possible, If someone is able to help the person suffering with the seizure and turn them over, the risk of choking is reduced. Some lifestyle factors can causes an increased risk for having epileptic seizures. Some of these factors include taking new prescriptions, vitamins or supplements which a person may have a reaction to, experiencing extreme emotional stress, having illness and especially infection, lack of sleep, being pregnant, using alcohol or other drugs, and missing doses of already prescribed epilepsy medications.
A doctor will do exams that involve the brain and nervous system. An EEG Is used to measure the electrical activity within the brain. The brain may only show abnormalities during seizure episodes. Blood tests, CT Scans and MRI’s are used to help determine what areas of the brain are affected by epileptic siezures.