How Does a Vasectomy Work?
A vasectomy is a very responsible and also very serious decision for a man, and for a couple. It is typically permanent, so any man considering this option should understand this and ensure that he is prepared mentally and emotionally for this procedure.
How does a vasectomy work? Inside a man’s testicles there are two ducts called the vas deferens that provide sperm to the flow of semen, or ejaculate. A vasectomy procedure involves cutting these small ducts and tying off or sealing them so that they will not allow sperm to flow into the ejaculate. A man is then unable to impregnate a woman since he is not producing sperm.
In most cases a vasectomy takes less than an hour and is done under local anesthesia, typically in a doctor’s office or clinic. The man may rest for an hour or two after the procedure and is then sent home. Rarely is a hospital visit or stay required, and after a day or two of bed rest, the man may resume his normal routine. A bit of tenderness, bruising, or slight swelling may occur for that day or two after the procedure.
Never confuse a vasectomy with a castration, where the testicles are removed entirely. Other than a very slight scar at the line of incision, there is little evidence of having had a vasectomy. A vasectomy also does not interfere with sexual performance; the blood needed to produce an erection in the penis does not originate from the vas deferens. It also does not interfere or affect urination.
A vasectomy is typically permanent, and often a doctor will encourage a man to think seriously about the decision before going forward, especially if he has no children currently. A man and a couple need to make their own decision about reproduction and what form of birth control works best for them, but they also need to ensure they’ve considered all elements of any procedure especially a permanent one.