What Causes Acne?
For most people who suffer with acne, their experience begins around the onset of puberty as this is the time that the body begins to produce hormones named androgens. These androgens create over stimulation of the sebaceous glands in acne prone individuals. Sensitivity to androgens is also the cause of acne during pregnancy and in the menstrual cycle. It is very important if you are a sufferer of acne that you are aware of the effects of washing too often and applying harsh chemical acne treatment to the skin as this can actually make acne worse.
Stress is also another very important factor with regards to the onset of problematic acne. There is also evidence to suggest that acne can have genetic causes and that if your parents suffered from the condition then you are far more like to have it in the future.
Other factors to watch out for are that you must refrain from wearing heavy and pore blocking make up. Oily make up is also to be avoided as is over cleansing and exfoliating of the face. Products which are too astringent and which dry your skin out cause excess oil production and should be steered clear of.
There are many medications which can cause the onset of acne and if you believe that this is the cause of your trouble then do not stop taking your medication as this could be dangerous. Instead, talk with your doctor in the first instance. They will be able to offer you help and advice with regards to your options. There are even foods which are on the acne inducing list, these include red meat, smoked cheeses and processed foods. Try to eat as many healthy foods as you possibly can in order to give your skin the best possible chance of beating that acne!
Acne most commonly develops on the face, back and the chest area with the skin lesions being commonly known as spots. The six main types of spot caused by acne are:
- Blackheads which are small black or yellowish bumps.
- Whiteheads which are small and have a white centre.
- Papules which are small red tender bumps.
- Pustules which look like papules with a white pus filled tip in the middle.
- Nodules which are large hard and painful lumps beneath the skins surface.
- Cysts are large and pus-filled and have the appearance of boils. These have a scarring risk.
When to Seek Medical Advice
If your acne is making you feel down and distressed or if you cannot keep it under control with over the counter medication, then visit your doctor. Nodules or cysts are also a reason to seek medical treatment as there is a risk of scarring with these if not looked after correctly.
Acne most frequently affects the sufferers face, but it can also present on the neck, behind the ears and on the chest. For some people this can be very severe although in general acne is thought of as a mild condition.